HAI - Healthcare Associated Infections

Other HAI Resources

Help Us Beat Infections

    Instructions for use:

    1. Open the Ward HAI Poster template here

    2. Enter your hospital's most recent NSW Staph aureus blood stream infection rate - obtainable from the infection prevention and control clinical nurse consultant in your hospital or local health district

    3. Enter your ward's most recent hand hygiene compliance rate.
    Before printing the poster, check the printer settings in print preview, to ensure that:

    • the page orientation is set to landscape
    • headers and footers are turned off
    • (File -/ print preview -/ landscape -/ turn headers and footers off -/ print)

    4. There are two options for printing the poster:

    • Save it as a .pdf document by clicking on the view/print results in .pdf and print, or
    • Print directly once the data has been entered.

IPC Considerations for Patient Placement

Risks associated with infectious diseases present challenges for patient placement in hospitals. To ensure the safe and timely placement of a patient with a known or suspected transmissible infection (including multi-resistant organism colonisation), patient placement decisions should be made in conjunction with the patient flow team and local infection prevention and control (IPC) service wherever possible. After hours management of patients should be determined by local procedures.

The decision needs to consider the prioritisation of isolation, single rooms or dedicated areas for other important uses beyond the management of infectious diseases, such as providing end-of-life care or ensuring appropriate patient security and safety.

Isolation Signs

Further Resources

Clostridium difficile

Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is bacteria which is present naturally in the bowel of many healthy children under 2 years and is the most common cause of antibiotic associated diarrhoea in adults. It can also be found in the environment and in healthcare facilities where there are a high number of sick and elderly patients.

In many cases C. difficile diarrhoea is mild and will only last a few days, stopping without any treatment. In very severe cases, a C. difficile infection can result in a dangerous inflammation of the colon. Those who have illnesses or those with conditions that require prolonged use of antibiotics as well as the elderly can be at greater risk of this type of bacteria causing an infection.

Further information for patients, clinicians and Aged Care staff on C. difficile is available below.

Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae

Carbapenems are a group of broad-spectrum beta-lactam (penicillin-related) antibiotics that are effective against most Gram negative infections. Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infections are associated with much higher mortality rates than similar infections that are not carbapenem-resistant.  Health services should take action to detect and isolate CRE-colonised or infected patients, monitor the prevalence and prevent spread of CRE in healthcare facilities.  If CRE outbreaks occur, ward closure may be necessary to allow for high-level cleaning to eliminate environmental reservoirs.

Central Line Insertion Online Training

This module has been developed for clinicians about to commence training in Central Venous Line (central line) placement.  It contains essential background knowledge and an approach to performing the procedure with an emphasis on minimising central line associated bacteraemia.  Clinicians should have mastery of this material before commencing supervised practical training.