Prophylaxis should be commenced as early as possible during the patient's admission or commenced as scheduled after immediate care and risk assessment is carried out.
Types of Prophylaxis
There are two types of prophylaxis:
- Pharmacological, such as enoxaparin, heparin
- Mechanical, such as anti-embolic stockings
The choice of prophylaxis should be guided by evidence, (e.g. NHMRC guidelines), local hospital protocol, as well as reference to drugs available on the hospital formulary.
Once the decision is made to prescribe pharmacological and/or mechanical prophylaxis, an order must be written. This should be completed on the VTE section of the NIMC (where in use).
Further information to assist in selecting the type of prophylaxis is available at: